Property law falls into the common law legal system and concerns all aspects of ownership of ‘real’ property (land ownership as opposed to ownership of movable possessions) and personal property (movable possessions).
The concept of property law has been around since the days of ancient Rome and the emperor Justinian’s Corpus Juris Civilis, which was concerned with dividing civil law into three categories: personal status, property and acquisition of property. The concept of property law as we know it today first evolved out of France’s feudal system and was the first successful implementation of such a law, called the Napoleonic Code, based on Justinian’s ideals.
Thus property has gone from lying in the hands of the monarchs and feudal systems of the middle ages to total rights of the individual property owner. However, civil law to this day still distinguishes between property laws surrounding immovable possessions, like land, and property law concerning movable possessions, like clothes, cars, etc.